A robots.txt file is a text document that doesn’t contain HTML markup code. It is hosted on the web server like other files on the website and tells search engine crawlers which pages on your website they are allowed to crawl and index. Crawlers that obey the instructions in the Robots.txt file are called “robots.” If you have a page on your website that you don’t want to be indexed by search engines, you can use robots.txt to block it from being crawled.

You can view it by typing the full URL of the homepage for any website and then adding robots.txt.

For example, https://www.jimmyhuh.com/robots.txt

The file is not linked anywhere else on the site, so users will not come across it. Most web crawler bots look for this file before crawling the rest of the site.

How Does Robots.txt Work?

A robots.txt file is a text file that tells web robots (also known as spiders or crawlers) which pages on your website to crawl and which to ignore.

When a robot crawls a website, it reads the robots.txt file to check for instructions on which pages it should crawl and which it should ignore. The robots.txt file is part of the robots exclusion standard, a set of rules used by websites to communicate with web robots.

Robots use the standard to avoid crawling pages that are not intended for them, and websites also use it to prevent their pages from being crawled by robots that they do not want to crawl their site. The robots exclusion standard is an important part of how the internet works, and the robots.txt file is an essential part of that standard.

How Do I Create a Robots.txt File?

Creating Robots.txt file is simple; you only need a text editor like Notepad or TextEdit. Just create a new text document and save it as “robots.txt” in the root directory of your website (e.g., example.com/robots.txt).

Once you’ve created your robots.txt file, you can upload it to your website’s root directory using an FTP client or your hosting control panel.

You can check out the detailed article about best practices to create robots.txt file from Backlinko.

Uses of a Robots.txt File

Now that we’ve gone over the basics of robots.txt, let’s discuss some common uses for this file.

As we mentioned earlier, one of the most common use cases for robots.txt is to block all crawlers from crawling a specific page on your website. This is useful if you have a page that contains sensitive information that you don’t want to be indexed by search engines. For example, if you have a login page for your website, you may want to block all crawlers from indexing it so that people cannot find it through search engines.

Another common use case for robots.txt is to disallow certain pages from being crawled. This is useful if you have pages on your website that are irrelevant to search engines. For example, if you have a page that contains duplicate content, you may want to disallow it from being crawled so that it doesn’t get indexed and penalized by search engines.

Finally, you can use robots.txt to control the crawl rate of crawlers on your website. If you notice that crawlers are causing your server to slow down, you can use robots.txt to instruct them to crawl your website less frequently. It will help improve the performance of your website.

What Are the Common Robots.txt Directives?

The most common robots.txt directive is “User-agent.” With your instructions, this directive tells the crawler which type of robot you want to target.

For instance, if you want to block all robots from crawling a specific page, you would use the following directive: User-agent: * Disallow: /page-to-block.html

# Example 1: Block only Googlebot

User-agent: Googlebot

Disallow: /

# Example 2: Block Googlebot and Adsbot

User-agent: Googlebot

User-agent: AdsBot-Google

Disallow: /

# Example 3: Block all crawlers except AdsBot (AdsBot crawlers must be named explicitly)

User-agent: *

Disallow: /

These are also some examples of “disallow” that is a directory or page, relative to the root domain, that you don’t want the user agent to crawl.

Other common directives include “Allow” (which is related to disallow) and “Sitemap.” Allow is used to specify pages that should be crawled, while sitemap is used to specify the location of your website’s sitemap.

Sitemaps are a good way to indicate which content Google should crawl, as opposed to which content it can or cannot crawl.

Sitemap: https://example.com/sitemap.xml

Sitemap: http://www.example.com/sitemap.xml

Do You Need Robots.txt?

Now that we’ve gone over the basics of robots.txt, let’s discuss whether or not you need this file on your website.

If you have a small website with only a few pages, you probably don’t need a robots.txt. When a bot comes to your website which doesn’t have robots.txt, robots meta tags, or X-Robots-Tag HTTP headers; it will just crawl your website and index pages as it usually would. However, robots.txt file gives you more over what is being crawled. If you have a small website, you can use some common useful robots.txt rules like

User-agent: *

Disallow: /

Moreover, WordPress automatically creates a virtual robots.txt file for your site. So, if you are a small business owner , by using WordPress, even if you don’t do anything, you’ll have robots.txt.

However, if you have a large website with hundreds or thousands of pages, then robots.txt can be useful for controlling the crawl rate of crawlers and blocking certain pages from being indexed.

In general, we recommend that most websites include a robots.txt file to ensure their site is crawled and indexed correctly by search engines. However, if you’re unsure whether you need robots.txt, we recommend consulting with a professional SEO company or developer to get their opinion.

Which Method Should I Use to Block Crawlers?

It depends. In short, there are good reasons to use each of these methods:

Robots.txt: If you want to block all crawlers from crawling a specific page, you will use the following directive: User-agent: * Disallow: /page-to-block.html

Robots meta tag: To prevent most search engine web crawlers from indexing page on your site, place the following meta tag into the <head> section of your page:

<meta name="robots" content="noindex,nofollow">

To prevent only Google web crawlers from indexing a page:

<meta name="googlebot" content="noindex">

X-Robots-Tag header field: You can also use the X-Robots-Tag header field to control how search engines crawl and index your website. For example, if you want to block all crawlers from indexing a specific page, you can add the following header field to your server’s configuration file: X-Robots-Tag: noindex

Where is the Robots.txt File Located?

The robots.txt file is located in the root directory of your website (e.g., example.com/robots.txt). You can create this file using a text editor and save it in the root directory of your website. Once you’ve done this, you can start adding instructions for crawlers.

Read Our Blogs

How to Create Strategy for Local SEO?

Ranking for keyword terms can be difficult, especially for small businesses. While larger, more resourced companies target the keywords in...

written by jimmy

7:31 am

How to Do Local SEO Audit: How to Improve Your Ranking?

If you’re running a business, it’s important to make sure that you’re doing everything possible to improve your ranking in...

written by jimmy

5:25 am

How to Do SEO for Google Maps: Ranking Higher on Google Maps

Can you be sure that you are taking advantage of every opportunity for your business to attract local customers? For...

written by jimmy

2:08 am

New York SEO & Digital Marketing Plan for Local Businesses

If you’re a business owner in New York City, it’s important to have a solid digital marketing game plan. After all, New...

written by jimmy

7:47 am

What is SEO Copywriting? How to Write SEO-Friendly Content

To boost your sales, you need to connect with your target audience and ensure that you’re driving their interest. Achieving...

written by jimmy

7:06 am

How to Improve SEO on Amazon? How to do Amazon SEO

You may think about Google when you think about SEO. It often seems like SEO is just about Google —...

written by jimmy

6:07 am

How To Market A Gym? 10 Marketing Strategies You Shouldn’t Miss

As a gym owner, marketing may not be the first bullet on your to-do list. However, it is as important...

written by jimmy

3:16 am

10 Reasons Why Your Business Needs SEO

If you’re running a business, it’s important to make sure that you’re doing everything possible to optimize your website and...

written by jimmy

8:10 am

9 Best eCommerce SEO Strategies: Ultimate Guide for Beginners

Today, eCommerce has a huge place in customers’ lives, and to reach a wide audience, online efforts are an absolute...

written by jimmy

8:13 am

How to Use Facebook Ads: A Step-By-Step Guide for Beginners

Many people tent to believe that no one clicks on Facebook ads anymore. But, that’s not true. Actually Facebook generated 114.93...

written by jimmy

7:04 am

10 Reasons Why Your Business Needs SEO in 2022

If you’re running a business, it’s important to make sure that you’re doing everything possible to optimize your website and...

written by jimmy

2:17 am

What Is SERP? What Are The Features Of SERPs

If you decide to start SEO, you’ll see the term SERP a lot. The answer to “What is SERP” is...

written by jimmy

2:31 am

How to Learn SEO? +25 Free SEO Courses & Guides

SEO, or search engine optimization, is one of the most important aspects of online marketing. And all the brands, startups,...

written by jimmy

7:02 am

How Does Google Remarketing Work? Advantages Of Retargeting

Converting first-time visitors is a difficult task. When you work on attracting new visitors, you’ll see that many people leave...

written by jimmy

12:58 am

Pay-Per-Click: 10 Benefits Of PPC Advertising For Your Business

Whether you’re just starting out or you’ve been in business for a while, it’s important to explore all of your...

written by jimmy

4:48 am

14 Best SEO Tools That You Actually Need to Boost Your Website

There are a lot of SEO tools out there, and it can be hard to know which ones you need....

written by jimmy

7:18 am

The 10 Best WordPress SEO Plugins to Boost Your Website

Even if you really want to rank your website high in the search results, you may think that Search Engine...

written by jimmy

5:20 am

How to improve SEO ranking?13 Tactics to improve SEO in 2022

SEO, or search engine optimization, is one of the best ways to improve your website’s visibility and traffic. It can...

written by jimmy

4:57 am

How to Do SEO for YouTube Video? Tips to Boost Your Video

Do you know that YouTube is the second-largest search engine in the world – right after Google? The platform is...

written by jimmy

9:36 am

Shopify SEO Guide: How To Improve SEO on Shopify?

The retail industry has grown since more people benefit from online shopping. The convenience of eCommerce has started a new...

written by jimmy

2:50 am

Dofollow Backlinks Vs Nofollow Backlinks: What Is The Difference?

In the world of links, some technical nuances create distinctive effects. Even if we don’t see these nuances, we need...

written by jimmy

5:20 am

SEO vs SEM: What’s the Difference and Which is Better?

Do you want to get spectacular digital results? Do you want to rank high on search engines and turn your traffic into...

written by jimmy

2:02 am

What Is A Good SEO Score? – How To Check Your SEO Score?

What is a good SEO score? This is a question that many business owners and website administrators ask themselves. SEO...

written by jimmy

2:50 am

Google Algorithm Updates History: Major & Recent Updates

Google is consistently updating its algorithm to ensure it meets its user’s needs and serves up the most relevant and...

written by jimmy

2:02 am

The 13 Extremely Important SEO Mistakes You Have to Avoid

You decide to concentrate on SEO strategy, optimize everything for search engines, get lots of links for your keyword research,...
Dofollow Link

written by jimmy

12:09 pm

What is Long-Tail Keyword in SEO? Benefits of Long-Tail Keywords

When there’s a lot of competition for keywords in almost every market, SEO experts have to set their route and...

written by jimmy

10:52 am

How to Optimize Blog Posts For SEO? 10 Expert Tips | Jimmy Huh

If you want your blog posts to be found by people using search engines, then it’s important that they’re optimized...

written by jimmy

3:27 am

How to Make Press Release Submission in SEO?

Press releases attract attention from the media and help you promote your product or service. Moreover, Google or Yahoo News...

written by jimmy

9:40 am

What is Anchor Text in SEO? Everything You Need To Know

SEO is a crazy game to play. Google algorithms get more complex and intelligent while some experts try to trick...

written by jimmy

4:12 am

What Is A/B Testing in SEO? | How to Do A/B Split Testing?

The old saying is true: “You can’t know everything.” A/B testing (aka split-testing) may be one of the best ways...

written by jimmy

11:15 am

What’s the Difference Between On-Page vs. Off-Page SEO?

SEO is a complex process that can be difficult to understand, especially if you are new to the world of...

written by jimmy

3:39 am

Technical SEO Checklist to Boost Your Traffic – JH | SEO

To rank at the top of search results is a wild race and your best friend is search engine optimization...

written by jimmy

4:41 am

What is Local SEO Citation? | How to Optimize Local Citations?

If you’re running a local business, then you know the importance of ranking high in local search results. And if...

written by jimmy

11:00 am

How To Do Real Estate Marketing? 15 Real Estate Marketing Ideas

Today, the internet plays a key role in the home buying process. It is also important for real estate agents...

written by jimmy

5:18 am

Local SEO Checklist: 10 Key Points to Improve Your Local Ranking

Even if local SEO is not a new thing, it still continues to grow in importance. In fact, the numbers...

written by jimmy

2:40 am

Off-Page SEO Checklist: 10 Great Strategies to Rank Higher

SEO is one of the most important aspects of any online marketing strategy. However, it can be complex and sophisticated....

written by jimmy

6:45 am

On-Page SEO Checklist: How to Optimize Your On-Page SEO

When it comes to SEO, on-page SEO is one of the essential aspects. It’s well-known that if you want to...

written by jimmy

1:51 am

10-Step SEO Audit Checklist To Boost Your Ranking in 2022

If you want your website to generate more traffic or you are not sure that everything is running okay, you...

written by jimmy

2:45 am

How important is social media for plastic surgeons?

Social media can be a powerful tool for plastic surgeons. It can help them connect with potential patients, build trust,...

written by jimmy

2:02 am

Is SEO In Los Angeles More Competitive

SEO in Los Angeles is more competitive than ever before. If you want to stay ahead of the curve, you...

written by jimmy

1:39 am

How to Find Good SEO Consultant

SEO is one of the most important aspects of any online business. If you’re not doing SEO, you’re missing out...

written by jimmy

7:24 am

How to get more traffic to my website?

Do you want to know how to get more traffic to your website? If so, you’re in the right place!...

written by jimmy

3:05 am

How To Do Local SEO For Your Business in Los Angeles?

If you are a business owner in Los Angeles, it’s important to make sure your website is optimized for Local...

written by jimmy

3:15 am

How To Do Local SEO For Your Business In New York City?

If you are a business owner in New York, it is important to understand how local SEO works and how...

written by jimmy

1:51 am

What Is User Intent | How To Optimize Your Website Accordingly

The websites we design and the content we produce are actually for users -for sure! If users don’t have a...
user intent

written by jimmy

2:41 am

How to Choose Keywords for SEO

Choosing keywords for SEO purposes is a vital part of increasing your online presence and driving traffic to your website....

written by jimmy

5:20 am

Complete SEO Guide for Plastic Surgery Websites

SEO, also known as Search Engine Optimization, makes sure your company’s website shows up on page one of search results...

written by jimmy

1:18 am

Using SEO Keywords in 2022

For those who wish to effectively advertise a product or service, appearing in search engines is a necessity. While it will take...

written by jimmy

2:46 am

What is Off-Page Optimization in 2022?

When trying to gain a better understanding of how search engines choose the top pages listed on the results page,...

written by jimmy

7:03 am

What is Meta Tag in 2022?

When trying to get a better sense of how websites are ranked by Google, it is likely that you will...

written by jimmy

6:04 am

What Is A 301 Redirect in 2022?

At first glance, the question of “what is a 301 permanent redirect” is a simple question to answer. In short,...

written by jimmy

2:32 am

Adding User to GMB

If you are conducting business from a storefront location, you should probably know about Google My Business and how to...

written by jimmy

1:08 am

Best CMS for SEO

Before starting a new site build, you should evaluate which CMS will bear the greatest benefit to your business. With...

written by jimmy

12:02 am

Google Analytics

written by jimmy

8:56 am

Google Review

Google was smart enough with basic account monitoring and caught many of the SEO tactics used, like posting fake, paid,...

written by jimmy

1:32 am

Is Local SEO in New York more competitive

SEO is a critical component of any successful online marketing strategy. If you’re doing business in New York, it’s important...

written by jimmy

2:16 am

How To Check SEO Ranking | Tools For Checking Google Ranking

SEO ranking is an important factor for any website. You want to make sure that your site is ranking as...

written by jimmy

2:06 am

How Important Is Page Speed For SEO And Google Rankings?

Could there be a factor that we forgot while working hard for our website and trying to get it to...

written by jimmy

6:01 am

What Are Backlinks in SEO | What Makes Good Backlink?

Simply put, backlinks are links from a page on one website to another. They are an important part of how...

written by jimmy

3:15 am

What is an SEO Service in 2020?

An SEO service is the work an individual or agency provides that utilizes best practices to create a compelling page result that will rank for...

written by jimmy

1:32 am

How Much Does SEO Cost & How Clients Should Budget in 2020

SEO is charged and based generally in these models: Hourly Engagement | $75 – $150 per hour via RankPay Retainer Model...
actual seo

written by jimmy

10:58 pm

3 SEO Tips for Small Businesses in 2020

2020 is happening and as a business owner, I’m committed to making it a big year for my business and...

written by jimmy

10:03 pm